心理学家和精神病医生有什么区别??

Communicating to patient
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术语““心理学家“和““psychiatrist“通常用于描述提供治疗服务的人,but the two professions and the services they provide differ in terms of content and scope. Psychiatrists are medical doctors who are able to prescribe medications,他们在提供心理治疗的同时,though medical and pharmacological interventions are often their focus.心理学家拥有博士学位,但不是医生,在大多数州,他们不能开处方。更确切地说,他们只提供心理治疗,可能涉及认知和行为干预。

教育,培训,证书

心理学家和精神病医生可能有一些重叠的责任,比如指挥心理治疗进行研究,the background they need to perform them differs.

Requirements for Psychologists

Psychologists receive graduate training in psychology and pursue either a博士学位(Doctor of Philosophy)心理学博士临床或心理咨询.

Doctorate programs typically take five to seven years to complete and most states require an additional one- or two-year-long internship in order to gain licensure.其他国家要求在授予完全许可证前再进行一年或两年的监督实践。

During their education,那些攻读博士学位的人或者PSYD博士学位,攻读个性发展课程,心理学研究方法,治疗方法,心理学理论,认知疗法,行为疗法,among other topics.They also complete a one- or two-year-long internship,接下来是一段受监督的练习。

The title of"心理学家“can only be used by an individual who has completed the required education,training,and state licensure requirements.非正式标题,比如“辅导员“或“therapist,“也经常使用,但是其他心理健康专家,特色在线娱乐城游戏:PT老虎机如持牌社会工作者,也可以声明这些标题。

博士学位学位选择往往更注重研究。获得博士学位的人in clinical or counseling psychology receive extensive training in research methods and complete a dissertation.The PsyD degree option,on the other hand,倾向于更注重实践。追求这个学位选择的学生花更多的时间学习和实践临床方法和治疗方法。

像精神病医生一样,心理学家利用精神疾病诊断和统计手册(DSM)来诊断有心理疾病症状的人。他们经常使用心理测试,比如人格测试,临床访谈,行为评估,以及智商测试,以便更好地了解客户的运作方式。

Requirements for Psychiatrists

精神病医生是在评估中受过专门训练的医生,诊断,treatment,预防精神疾病。In order to become a psychiatrist,学生在上医学院并获得医学博士学位前首先获得本科学位。

完成医疗训练后,they also complete an additional four years of residency training in mental 特色在线娱乐城游戏:PT老虎机health.这种住院通常包括在医院的精神科工作。他们还与各种各样的病人合作,从儿童到成人,可能有行为问题,emotional difficulties,或者某种精神疾病。

During this medical residency,those specializing in psychiatry receive training and practice in how to diagnose and treat different psychiatric conditions such as PTSD,注意缺陷多动障碍精神分裂症,双相情感障碍。精神病医生接受不同心理治疗方式的培训,包括认知行为疗法(CBT)a popular treatment approach that has被展示对包括焦虑症在内的各种精神疾病具有高水平的治疗效果,躯体形态障碍,强调,和愤怒的问题。

一些研究表明,在某些情况下,联合CBT和药物治疗可能比单独用药更有效。

精神病医生还接受了特定领域的额外培训,比如老年精神病学,child and adolescent psychiatry,addictions,以及其他领域。有些人可能会选择通过完成一个像神经精神病学这样的领域的研究来进一步专业化,老年医学,adolescent psychiatry,或者心理药理学。

规定性权力

A second important distinction between the two careers is that psychiatrists can开处方药,虽然,in most states,psychologists cannot.然而,there has been a recent push to grant prescribing powers to psychologists.一些州,如新墨西哥州和路易斯安那州,现在授予持有博士后硕士学位或临床精神药理学同等学位的医学心理学家处方特权。

凯文·麦金尼斯,chairman of the Commissioned Corps Mental 特色在线娱乐城游戏:PT老虎机Health Functional Advisory Group,写道:“对于那些对career in psychologyas a prescriber,it is important to know that certain federal employees and uniformed commissioned officers (Army,Air Force,公共卫生服务,特色在线娱乐城游戏:PT老虎机海军,etc.) that are licensed in one state as a medical psychologist may prescribe in any other state to which they are assigned by the federal government."“

他们如何治疗病人

虽然这两种职业是不同的,心理学家和精神病医生都在心理健康治疗中发挥着重要作用。特色在线娱乐城游戏:PT老虎机经常,they work in collaboration with one another to provide the best possible treatment for an individual.

例如,患者可以先咨询他们的初级保健医生,了解他们所经历的心理症状。他们的医生可能会让他们去看心理医生做进一步的评估。心理学家可能观察到,评估,在把病人转诊给精神科医生之前先诊断他们,精神科医生可以开处方并监控药物。心理学家和精神病医生可以一起工作,with the psychologist offering behavioral interventions and the psychiatrist providing or adjusting medication,为了最好地解决病人的症状。

The type of approach needed often depends on the severity of the symptoms and the needs and wishes of the patient.According to research,patients differ as to what is preferred— psychotherapy alone or in combination with medication—which,因此,can affect what professionals they see.费用也可以是一个缓解因素;;some studies have found合并治疗方法对患者来说可能更具成本效益。

Your Career Path

如果你考虑做一名治疗师,你需要确定哪条职业道路最适合你。你对指挥感兴趣吗心理治疗,进行心理测试,进行研究?如果是这样,a career as a psychologist may be the best choice for you.

另一方面,如果你对药物感兴趣,并且想给你的病人开药,精神病学的职业可能适合你。

If you do not want to invest five to eight years in graduate training,consider pursuing a career as a licensed social worker orcounselor.这些专业人员也有资格根据培训和经验提供心理健康服务。特色在线娱乐城游戏:PT老虎机社会工作和咨询都需要两三年的研究生学习。

对于对医学感兴趣的学生来说,精神病护理是另一个很好的职业选择。Advanced psychiatric nurses hold a master's degree or higher in psychiatric-mental 特色在线娱乐城游戏:PT老虎机health nursing and are able to assess patients,诊断障碍,提供心理治疗,开药。

作为心理学家或精神病医生的生活

Work/life balance and work settings are other factors that students should consider when choosing between a career as a psychologist or psychiatrist.Both medical school and graduate school are rigorous and require a significant investment of time,资源,和能量。

A medical residency can be grueling,如果学生选择进入精神病学领域,他们应该感到在医疗环境中工作很舒服。

毕业后,选择在医院工作的精神病医生可能需要长时间工作或随时待命。精神科医生可能在医院工作,但他们也可能选择在社区心理健康中心工作,特色在线娱乐城游戏:PT老虎机学术设置,or private practice.Those who choose to work in private practice may find that they have more control over their schedule and hours.

心理学家也面临着类似的要求。一些心理学家也可能选择在医院工作,其他的可以在心理健康诊所找到,特色在线娱乐城游戏:PT老虎机government agencies,学术设置,and private practice.该领域的专业人士可能会发现,他们需要在晚上和周末工作,以适应在典型工作时间工作的客户。像精神病医生一样,psychologists working in the mental 特色在线娱乐城游戏:PT老虎机health field may also need to be on-call at times or be able to respond to emergency situations.

工作展望

根据职业前景手册美国出版劳工统计局,the job outlook for psychologists and psychiatrists is expected to grow at a fairly similar rate.

The demand for psychiatrists is predicted to rise at a rate of 15 percent between the years 2014 and 2024,amounting to an increase of around 4,200份工作。在2014年至2024年期间,心理学家的需求将以19%的速度增长。amounting to an increase of about 32,500 more jobs.

劳工统计局报告说,截至2016年5月,心理学家的平均工资为75美元,每年230。2016年5月,精神科医生的年薪中位数高达245美元。673。

A Word From Verywell

心理学家和精神病医生代表着独特的专业名称,但两者都在心理健康领域发挥着关键作用。特色在线娱乐城游戏:PT老虎机心理学家和精神病医生之间的主要区别在于教育背景和处方能力,但两者都有助于患者感觉更好的重要目标。

没有一个是“更好比另一个,但是,一个人的需求和特定的症状可能会起到一种作用,在这种作用下,专业人员最有能力协助治疗。

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