惊恐障碍与强迫症的差异

They're separate types of anxiety disorders

OCD or Panic Disorder?.Getty Images Credit: Caiaimage/Paul Bradbury

惊恐障碍和强迫症(OCD)在《精神障碍诊断和统计手册》()中都被归类为焦虑障碍。DSM—5)心理健康专业人员在进行诊断时使用手册特色在线娱乐城游戏:PT老虎机来指导他们。一个人被诊断出患有这两种疾病并不罕见,每个人都有过度的忧虑和恐惧。However,强迫症是一种独特的疾病,有自己的一套标准,symptoms,并进行治疗。

What Is OCD??

As the name implies,,强迫症以思维上的强迫和行为上的强迫为特征。The DSM-5 describes obsessions as relentless and invasive thoughts,impulses,或是那些令人不安和不安的画面,超越了对日常问题的高度紧张。意识到这些痛苦的想法是由自己的头脑创造的,someone with OCD will try to disregard them altogether or counteract them with different thoughts or behaviors—a策略这会使他们回来的更多。

Compulsions are identified as repetitive behaviors or mental acts that someone feels obligated to do in order to prevent a feared incident or circumstance from occurring.这些生理或心理行为要么是极端的,要么与他们想要避免的事情没有逻辑上的联系。例如,someone may have a fear that germs will cause them to become sick and die (obsession) if they don't repeatedly wash their hands throughout the day (compulsion).

一般来说,强迫症患者有时会意识到这些强迫和强迫是极端和不必要的。However,强迫症患者通常会全神贯注于他们,spending a large amount of time thinking about the obsessions and acting out the compulsions to the point that their social- and work-related activities are negatively affected.

Disorders That Co-Exist With OCD

对于患有强迫症的人来说,被诊断为另一种疾病是很常见的。“共同”疾病)。According to BeyondOCD.org,an organization that raises awareness of the disorder,90%的成年人在他们生活中的某个阶段报告有强迫症,他们也有至少一种其他的并存疾病。including anxiety disorders like panic disorder.

惊恐障碍主要导致包括反复出现的症状惊恐发作.这些攻击通常被描述为强烈的恐惧伴随着颤抖,呼吸困难,and sweating.因为害怕遭受另一次袭击,many panic disorder sufferers will avoid certain situations and events.这种恐惧和逃避会导致广场恐怖症,对易受伤害的地方或情况的恐惧,unsafe,或者很难逃脱。

治疗和如何应对

There are effective治疗选项和copingtechniques for alleviating thesymptoms强迫症和恐慌症,它们经常重叠。For instance,这两种疾病通常都用一种叫做选择性血清素再摄取抑制剂,它针对一种叫血清素的神经递质,这种递质有助于减少焦虑。同样地,,cognitive behavioral therapy,一种心理疗法,帮助改变一个人的错误或消极思维,帮助改变不健康的行为,特色在线娱乐城游戏:PT老虎机是公认的强迫症和恐慌症的治疗方法。A trained mental 特色在线娱乐城游戏:PT老虎机health professional can diagnose and provide appropriate treatment for both conditions.

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