Little Known Facts About Famous Psychologists

虽然人们有时想想心理学的历史,学习是枯燥的,一些最famous figures in psychologyactually led fascinating lives and did remarkable things. From Jung to Freud to Allport and beyond, there is a lot to learn about some of psychology's greatest thinkers. Were you aware of any of these little-known facts?

1

Freud Once Tried to Psychoanalyze Gordon Allport (And Got It Wrong)

freud at desk
Hulton Archive / Getty Images

PsychologistGordon Allportwas one of the founding fathers of personality psychology and played a major role in the development of early psychology in the United States. He was also a big fan of Sigmund Freud. As a young man, he made the journey to Vienna, Austria to meet the great psychoanalyst.

感觉有点害怕,奥尔波特坐了下来,紧张地告诉弗洛伊德关于他在火车上看到维也纳一个男孩。男孩,奥尔波特告诉弗洛伊德,怕弄脏的,并拒绝坐在哪里不干净的美男子以前坐。奥尔波特的理论认为,孩子已经收购了他的母亲,谁显得很挑剔和霸气的行为。

Freud studied Allport for a moment and then suggested, "And was that little boy you."

奥尔波特爱讲故事,并认为弗洛伊德试图把一个简单的观察到奥尔波特认为自己的童年的记忆无意识的分析是一个完美的例证,有时精神分析simply tried to dig too deeply.

2

Carl Jung Had an Affair With One of His Patients

spielrein plaque
OTFW / Wikimedia Commons (CC BY-SA 3.0)

直到最近,很少人熟悉的名字Sabina Spielrein。她从歇斯底里的症状的人入院后,在19岁精神病院。她成了荣格的病人,他把她形容为“梦幻”和妖娆“。

不仅请来了两对恋人,但Spielrein对心理的发展产生重要影响。郑先写信给弗洛伊德询问一下Spielrein的情况下,建议和两人成了朋友快和智力的心腹。这两个写案例约Spielrein频频相当于约她的情况。

Spielrein went on to become an important psychoanalyst in her own right. She is credited with introducing psychoanalysis in Russia and for the introduction of the死亡本能,一个概念,弗洛伊德后来通过和要求。

不幸的是,萨比纳·施皮赖因的遗产是失去了历史的几十年里被纳粹谋杀罪于1942年直到20世纪70年代时,她的论文,她与郑交换的信件被翻译出版,她的影响力出名。在2011年,A Dangerous Method,一个关于她的生活和事理与荣格电影,被释放,带来更广泛的认同她的名字。

3

神奇女侠创建由心理学家

wonder woman
Carrie MacPherson / Getty Images

Wonder Woman is a famous and beloved comic book character, but many people might be surprised that she was actually created by a psychologist named William Moulton Marston. Marston is remembered for creating the systolic blood pressure test which later became an important element of modern polygraph tests.

威廉·莫尔顿·马斯顿还了著名的女权主义立场,他的心理工作,这表明女性更可靠,​​诚实,而且比男性快的工作。

莫尔顿注意到,所有的日子很好的漫画人物(超人,蝙蝠侠,美国队长等)是由代表“令人毛骨悚然的阳刚之气。”他设想了一个女超人,与其依靠她的力量和爱打击邪恶的念头。

Yet another surprising fact: Marston was in a polyamorous relationship and based the character of the two women he was romantically involved with, his wife Elizabeth and their lover Olive Byrne.

4

阿德勒's Ashes Were Lost for 70 Years

阿德勒
Dr Alfred Adler (1870-1937), Austrian physician and psychiatrist. 搜索类似的图片/斯特林格/盖蒂图片社

阿德勒是一个新弗洛伊德的心理学家,他个人心理的理论和发展的自卑感的概念也许是最知名的。痛苦在苏格兰一个致命的心脏攻击,同时在巡回演讲,他的家人失去了联系他的遗体火化后,在他于1937年去世。但直到2007年,他去世后70年,他的骨灰在苏格兰爱丁堡火葬场终于发现。2011年,欧达的骨灰终于回到和他的出生地,维也纳,奥地利的埋葬。

5

西格蒙德·弗洛伊德Probably Slept With His Sister-In-Law

西格蒙德·弗洛伊德in office
Psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud in his office in Vienna, Austria circa 1937.

Hulton Archive / Getty Images

西格蒙德·弗洛伊德留在科学实验室生活,以便找到,让他娶他的爱,玛尔塔·伯纳斯事业落后,但学者们长期以来一直认为,弗洛伊德也进行与他的妹妹在法律,明娜外遇。以前的朋友和弟子荣格称明纳已经承认这件事给他和一些研究人员甚至认为,可能明娜弗洛伊德已经怀孕并堕胎。

In 2006, experts finally found what they believed to be proof of the affair. On August 13, 1898, Freud and Minna Bernays checked into a hotel in the Swiss Alps and registered as a married couple.

不仅仅是茶余饭后的俗气一点,这一事件提供了一个有趣的洞察到弗洛伊德的心理学自己 - 一个人的理论是如此集中于性驱动器和无意识的动机。他经常推测他人的性行为,但似乎他是在用自己的行动远远不够严谨。

These are only five little know facts about some famous psychologists.Pretty amazing! These facts offer great insight into the history and development of psychology. But there are plenty more awesome facts and stories to uncover!一定要检查我们的重要心理传记和我们的部分心理学的历史了。

参考

Adler, M. (2011). On life and ideas: A relative's ashes reclaimed. NPR. Retrieved from http://www.npr.org/2011/07/24/138605312/on-life-and-ideas-a-relatives-ashes-reclaimed

Blumenthal, R. (2006, Dec. 24). Hotel log hints at desire that Freud didn't repress. The New York Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2006/12/24/world/europe/24iht-web.1224freud.3998915.html

乔伊斯,N.(2008)。神奇女侠:一位心理学家的创作。监控心理学。39:11,20。

Kennedy, M. (2014, Jan. 15). Urn containing Sigmund Freud's ashes smashed during theft attempt. The Guardian. Retrieved from http://www.theguardian.com/books/2014/jan/15/urn-sigmund-freud-ashes-smashed-theft-attempt

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